Chemical Peels for flawless skin and treat blemishs

THE BEST INFORMATIONS FOR: chemical peels

All acid peels have the effect of dissolving the bonds between skin cells allowing for exfoliation that will bring newer cells to the surface. Each chemical peel has additional benefits for specific skin types. When choosing a acid peel, you need to consider your skin’s current condition. A chemical peel is a body treatment technique used to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solution that causes the dead skin to slough off and eventually peel off.

 The regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. Thus the term chemical peel is derived. Some types of chemical peels can be purchased and administered without a medical license, however people are advised to seek professional help from a dermatologist, aesthetician, plastic surgeon, or otolaryngologist on a specific type of chemical peel before a procedure is performed.

 


Hydroxy Acid Peels such as:

Glycolic Acid Peel 30% to 50%

Glycolic acid: Formulated from sugar cane, this acid creates a mild exfoliating action. Glycolic acid peels work by loosening up and exfoliating the superficial top layer. This peel also stimulates collagen growth. High strength peels are good in terms of efficacy but they irritate more. Some glycolic peels claim the use of strontium nitrate in order to try to reduce skin irritation. Nevertheless, strontium nitrate is a product which is strictly prohibited in cosmetic products since it has a high toxic potential.

Glycolic acid is the smallest ?-hydroxy acid (AHA). This colorless, odorless, and hygroscopic crystalline solid is highly soluble in water. It is used in various skin-care products. Glycolic acid is found in some sugar-crops.

Due to its excellent capability to penetrate skin, glycolic acid finds applications in skin care products, most often as a chemical peel performed by a dermatologist, plastic surgeon or licensed aesthetician in concentrations of 20 to 70% or at-home kits in lower concentrations between 10 and 20%.

It may reduce wrinkles, acne scarring, hyperpigmentation and improve many other skin conditions, including actinic keratosis, hyperkeratosis, and seborrheic keratosis. Once applied, glycolic acid reacts with the upper layer of the epidermis, weakening the binding properties of the lipids that hold the dead skin cells together. This allows the stratum corneum to be exfoliated, exposing live skin cells. Highly purified grades of glycolic acid are commercially available for personal care applications.

Also as a Hydroxy Acid Peels you can find:

  • Citric acid: Usually derived from lemons, oranges, limes and pineapples. These peels are simple and effective, although not incredibly invasive or capable of significant improvement with one treatment.
  • Lactic acid: This acid is derived from either sour milk or bilberries. This peel will remove dead skin cells, and promote healthier skin.
  • Malic acid: This peel is the same type of mildly invasive peel derived from the extracts of apples. It can open up the pores, allow the pores to expel their sebum and reduce acne.
  • Tartaric acid: This is derived from grape extract and is capable of delivering the same benefits as the above peels.

AHA peels are not indicated for treating wrinkles. AHA peels may cause stinging, cause skin redness, cause mild skin irritation, cause dryness, and take multiple treatments for desired results.

  • slows down the aging process
  • helps to minimize fine lines and wrinkles
  • increases elasticity
  • exfoliates dead skin cells
  • stimulates natural collagen production
  • minimizes pores
  • improves texture of rough, damaged skin
  • helps to even out skin discolorations
  • normalizes oily, acneic, troubled skin
  • smoother, fresher appearance
 

Obagi Blue Peel

Obagi blue peel is a superior chemical peel, part of the obagi system which includes ‘nu derm‘ and blender obagi products.

“Obagi Blue Peel” is a chemical peeling treatment developed by Dr. Zein Obagi as an improvement to
traditional Trichloroacetic Acid Peels. A measured application of blue glycerine, mixed with trichloracetic acid (TCA) in a patented process, improves patient safety by visually indicating the TCA solution strength and facial skin coverage.

Between one and four bluepeel applications, or layers can be applied at one time, though local anesthetic may be required for more than one covering.

when your skin has completely finished the chemical peeling, you will immediately notice dramatic results of your newly improved complexion. Your skin’s condition will improve for the next 30 to 40 days, and become firmer, clearer, smoother, healthier and younger looking, as fresh skin replaces the old.

Blue peel Chemical Peel peels the skin in a regulated manner and will not cause any long term skin problems.

The solution is applied in 1 to 4 layers and left on the skin for 25 to 30 minutes.  You may feel a slight burning or stinging sensation as each layer is applied which may last from 2 to 5 minutes.  A fan will help you tolerate the stinging sensation — so request if this is used.  The blue tint will darken and advise the skin technician when the peel is complete.  The blue tinge that you get from this peel may last for up to 3 or 10 days, depending.  So prepare to take off a few days for this one as well.  This peel may be reapplied at 4 week intervals.

  Jessner’s peel

Solution, formerly known as the Coombe’s formula,was pioneered by Dr Max Jessner, a German-American dermatologist. Dr Jessner combined 14% salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol in an ethanol base. It is thought to break intracellular bridges between keratinocytes.[citation needed] It is very difficult to “overpeel” the skin due to the mild percentages associated with the acid combination.

Jessners Peel is a superior treatment designed to remove superficial layers of skin. It’s one of the most effective light cosmetic peel available. A Jessner peel consists of a mild peeling agent that can be used to lighten areas of hyperpigmentation and to treat aged sundamged skin.

The Jessner’s peel is excellent for all skin types. It smoothes and rejuvenates skin, producing beautiful results in treating mild to severe acne, discoloration, moderate wrinkling, and sun damage. Peeling the face, neck, hands, and upper chest is also quite effective.

Retinoic acid peel

Retinoic acid is derived from retinoids. This type of facial peel is also performed in the office of a plastic surgeon or a dermatologist in amedical spa setting. This is a deeper peel than the beta hydroxy acid peel and is used to remove scars as well as wrinkles and pigmentation problems. It is usually performed in conjunction with a Jessner; which is performed right before, in order to open up the skin, so the retinoic acid can penetrate on a deeper level. The client leaves with the chemical peel solution on their face. The peeling process takes place on the third day. More dramatic changes to the skin require multiple peels over time.

 

Trichloroacetic acid peels

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is used as an intermediate to deep peeling agent in concentrations ranging from 20-50%. Depth of penetration is increased as concentration increases, with 50% TCA penetrating into the reticular dermis. Concentrations higher than 35% are not recommended because of the high risk of scarring.

Trichloroacetic acid peels:

  • are preferred for darker-skinned patients over Phenol
  • smooth out fine surface wrinkles
  • remove superficial blemishes
  • correct skin pigment problems

Trichloroacetic acid peels may:

  • require pre-treatment with Retin-A or AHA creams
  • require repeat treatment to maintain results
  • require the use of sunblock for several months (this is a must)
  • take several days to heal depending on the peel depth

Phenol peels

Phenol is the strongest of the chemical solutions and produces a deep skin peel. Some publications claim that phenol peel affect could be due to the action of croton oil and that phenol would not be effective without this oil. This should be longer studied and double blind comparative studies should be done to prove this claim. In reality, many phenol peel solutions exist(ed) that do (did) not contain croton oil. This last is only a penetration enhancer, acting at the epidermal very superficial layers. Croton oil is not the only penetration enhancer that can be used. After 15 seconds as a maximum, phenol penetrates inside of the dermis and the most important question seems to be actually : How to do in order to slow down phenol penetration and give it a major possibility of interaction with skin proteins (coagulation effect)? Effects of a phenol chemical peel are long lasting, and in some cases are still readily apparent up to 20 years following the procedure. Improvements in the patient’s skin can be quite dramatic. A single treatment usually achieves the desired result.

Phenol peels are used to:

  • correct blotches caused by sun exposure or aging
  • smooth out coarse deep wrinkles
  • remove precancerous growths

Phenol peels may:

  • pose a risk of arrythmias if applied without following strict rules
  • permanently remove facial freckles
  • many formulas cause permanent skin lightening by reducing the ability to produce pigment
  • require increased protection from the sun for lifes

 

WARING: Always wear UVA/UVB protection

Plus and more importantly uses of sunscreen even in winter. Brown and olive skin type, we do not like the purple hashy effect on our face and should find a clear, pray or gel form of sunsceen.  Which is perfect for oily skin.

It is also recommended to be used on children too . You can use any moisturising cream with at least 15/25 UVA/UVB.

 

I personaly use 30 to 50 UVA / UVB: Soltan invisible 30 from BOOTS . I use it on my face and Body. 🙂

 

 

 

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